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HOW IT WORKS: WATER SOFTENER

 

It’s easy to forget how important water is in our lives. Of course we need it in our homes, it’s a tool- a fluid medium that carries material from one place to the next. And one of the reasons it does this job well is that it’s very good at holding things, either by suspending them or dissolving them. Unlike most tools, though, water doesn’t come with an instruction manual. If it did, you’d know why the dishes you thought were washed are covered with spots when dry, why the water in your shower leaves a film on everything it touches, and why what you thought was clean water has clogged up your plumbing system.

 

The solution is problem

While water is in the ground, it picks up soluble bits of whatever it passes through. While this can mean contamination that makes the water unfit to drink, in many cases it simply means that the water contains minerals found in the earth. Of these, calcium and magnesium are of particular importance because they affect the water’s ability to function in our homes. These mineral make our water hard.

One effect of hard water is that soaps and detergents lose some effectiveness. Instead of dissolving completely, soap combines with the minerals to from a coagulated soap curd. Because less soap is required. And the sticky insoluble curd hinges around- it clings to the skin and may actually inhibit cleansing. Washed hair seems dull and lifeless.

In the laundry, things aren’t much better. The soap curd can work its way into your clothes as they’re being washed in your automatic washing machine. This can keep dirt trapped in the fibres, and it can stiffen and roughen the fabric.

In addition to affecting the actual washing process, insoluble soap deposits leave sports on everything you wash- from your dishes to the family car—and a soap film will build up in your bath and shower.

Another reason to be concerned about hard water is its effect on your plumbing system. Calcium and magnesium deposits can build up in pipes, reducing flow to taps and appliances. In water heaters, these minerals generate a scale build up that reduces the efficiency and life of the heater.

 

The fix

The solution to the problem is to get rid of the calcium and magnesium. While there are chemical treatments that do this, the most popular answer is a water softener. The typical water softener is a mechanical appliance that’s plumbed into your home’s water supply system. All water softeners use the same operating principle: they trade the mineral for something also, in most cases sodium. The process is called is celled ion exchange.

The heart of a water softener is a mineral tank. It’s filled with small polystyrene beads, also known as resin or zeolite. The beads carry a negative charge.

Calcium and magnesium in water both carry positive charges. This means that these minerals will cling to the beads as the hard water passes through the mineral tank. Sodium ions also have positive charges, albeit not as strong as the charge on the calcium and magnesium. When a very strong brine solution is flushed through a tank that has beads already saturated with calcium and magnesium, the shree volume of the sodium ions is enough to drive the calcium and magnesium ions off the beads. Water softeners have a separate brine tank that uses common salt to create this brine solution.

In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing sodium ions. The sodium ions go into the water. Once the beads are saturated with calcium and magnesium, the unit enters a 3-phase regenerating cycle. First the backwash phase reverses water flow to flush dirt out of the tank. In the recharge phase, the concentrated sodium-rich salt solution is carried from the brine tank though the mineral tank. The sodium collects on the beads, replacing the calcium and magnesium, which go down the drain. Once this phase is over, the mineral tank is flushed of excess brine and the brine tank is refilled.

 

The brains

Most popular water softeners have an automatic regenerating system. The most basic type has an electric timer that flushes and recharges the system on a regular schedule. During recharging, soft water is not available.

A second type of control uses a computer that watches how much water is used. When enough water has passed through the mineral tank to have depleted the beads of sodium, the computer triggers regeneration. These softeners often have reserve resin capacity, so that some soft water will be available during recharging.

A third type of control uses a mechanical water meter to measure water usage and initiated recharging. The advantage of this system is that no electrical components are required and the mineral tank is only recharged when necessary. When it is equipped with two mineral tanks, softened water is always available, even when the unit is recharging.

 

Judging water hardness

Companies that sell water softening equipment generally offer test kits that help you determine the hardness of your water. For commercial testing sources, check your yellow pages under “water analysis”.

Water hardness is measures in grains per gallon (GPG) or milligrams per litter (mg/l, equivalent to parts per million, or ppm).

Water up to 1 GPG (or 17.1 mg/1) is considered soft, and water from 60 to 120 GPG is considered moderately hard. A water softener’s effectiveness depends on how hard the incoming water is. Water over 100 GPG may not be completely softened.

 

Health concerns

Hard water poses no health hazard. On the hand, the sodium that remains in softened water may be a problem for those on sodium-restricted diets. Other people simply may wish to avoid the slightly salty taste of treated water. In either case you can install a separate water dispenser that bypasses the softener. You also can use potassium chloride instead of salt, although this costs about three to four times more.

 

 

 

BAKING SODA

 

Everyone knows that baking soda can be used for a hundred different things. Be it to keep your kitchen odor-free, do some heavy –duty cleaning, or just to bake: it’s the one ingredient that’s always got your back, but did you know that baking soda can also be used for things apart from cooking and cleaning? If you didn’t you’re going to get stockpiles   of it after you read these 20 beauty benefits of baking soda.

A recent society of dermatology skin care specialist (SDSS) study show that88% of women don’t know the right products for their skin. It’s not surprising given the incredible amount of skin care “must haves’’ and “must-do” solution available in the market.

Because the only ‘skincare essential ‘is knowing what you skin needs and giving it exactly that. Taking skin Kraft ’Skin ID TM Skin questionnaire helps you understand your exact skin type and its requirements recommends the right products, and gives you clear, healthy skin Click here to take the questionnaire now.

Beauty benefits of baking soda

Baking soda is incredibly versatile and can be used to treat a lot of different issues. Following is a list of the 20 different beneficial ways in which you can use baking soda.

A recent society of Dermatology skin care specialists (SDSS) study shows that88% of women don’t know the right products for their skin. It’s not surprising given the incredible amount of skin care “must haves’’ and “must-do” solution available in the market.

And the worst part? Despite all these new products and trends being available, women remain unsatisfied with their skin. Know why?

Because the only ‘skincare essential ‘is knowing what you skin needs and giving it exactly that. Taking skin Kraft ’Skin ID TM Skin questionnaire helps you understand your exact skin type and its requirements recommends the right products, and gives you clear, healthy skin Click here to take the questionnaire now.

  1. Baking soda for Acne

 

You will need

  1. 1stp Baking soda
  2. 1tsp water

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

3 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the baking soda and the water until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Wash your hands and your face and pat them dry with a clean towel.
  3. Massage the paste onto your nose and other areas affected by pimples, blackheads, or whiteheads.
  4. Leave it on for about 2-3 minutes and rinse off the paste with warm water.
  5. Rinse your face for a second time with cool water and pat dry with a clean towel.
  6. Finish by using a non-comedogenic moisturizer as baking soda be quite drying on your face.

How Often?

2-3 days at a stretch and then twice a week.

Why this works

Baking soda is an excellent remedy for pimples, blackheads, and acne. Baking soda also has antibacterial properties which prevent breakouts

  1. Baking soda for Blemishes

You will need

  1. 1tsp baking soda
  2. 1tsp lemon juice

 

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

3 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the baking soda and the lemon juice until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Wash your hands and your face.
  3. Using a towel, pat away the excess moisture from your face, leaving it slightly damp.
  4. Massage the paste onto the areas affected by acne marks, dark spots, and pigmentation.
  5. Leave it on for about 1-2 minutes and rinse off the paste with warm water
  6. Rinse your face for a second time with cool water and pat dry with a clean towel.
  7. Finish by using a non-comedogenic moisturizer as baking soda can be quite drying on your face.

  How often?

2-3 times a week.

Why this works

Baking soda and lemon juice have bleaching properties that help lighten and fade scars. It also helps you achieve an even skin tone by getting rid dead skin cells.

You will need

1 tbsp. baking soda

1 cup water

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

2 minutes

Method

  1. In a jug, dilute the baking soda with a cup of water and the mixture aside.
  2. Wash your face as you’re normally would with your regular cleanser.
  3. Splash the baking soda onto your face and then pat dry.
  4. Proceed to moisturize your face with a non-comedogenic product.

How often?

Use this toner about 3-4 times a week instead of your regular toner.

Why this works

Baking soda is an astringent that helps clean out your pores while shrinking them. This treatment also prevents acne by keeping your pores clean and sealed.

  1. Baking soda for Dark neck skin

 

You will need

  1. 1tsp baking soda
  2. 1tsp water

Prep time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

15 minutes

Method

  1. Mix and dilute the baking soda with water until you get a runny paste.
  2. Cleanse your neck and pat it dry with a clean towel.
  3. Apply the baking soda paste and wait for about 15 minutes.
  4. Wash your neck with cool water
  5. Moisturize with a non- comedogenic moisturizer.

How Often?

Repeat this daily until you see neck lighten. Once you notice a difference. Use this treatment twice a week to maintain an even complexion. Following the same treatment, you can also use baking soda for lightening your elbows and your knees.

  1. Baking soda for Glowing skin

You will need

  1. 2tbsp freshly squeezed Orange juice
  2. 1 tbsp. baking soda

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

15 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the baking soda and the orange juice until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Wash your hands and your face.
  3. Using a towel, pat away the excess moisture from your face, leaving it slightly damp.
  4. Apply paste onto your face like you would a face mask. Once your face is evenly covered. Wait for 15 minutes.
  5. Pat some water onto your face and rub the face loose.
  6. Rinse your face with cool water and dry with a clean towel.
  7. Finish by using a non-comedogenic moisturizer.

How often?

Once a week.

Why this works

Orange has a slightly acidic PH Balance of your skin. It also contains a lot of vitamin c which C which helps give your skin a collagen boost. The exfoliating and cleansing properties of baking soda can remove impurities and dead skin cells from your pores.

  1. Baking soda for oily skin

 

You will need

  1. Baking soda
  2. 1-1.5 tsp. water

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

2 minutes

Methods

  1. Dilute the baking soda with about a teaspoon of water. You need the paste to have a thick consistency.
  2. Wash your face with your regular cleanser and pat dry with a clean towel.
  3. Apply the baking soda all over your face, leaving out the fragile skin around your eyes, and scrub for about 15-20 seconds.
  4. Rinse the baking soda off cool water.
  5. Moisturize with non-comedogeni, mortifying moisturizer.

How often?

Twice a week

Why this works

This baking soda scrub helps exfoliate your face and control moisture. It is necessary to moisturize right after using this scrub as it can be quite drying on your face. Because baking soda can sometimes cause irritation, it is not recommended for people with sensitive skin to use this scrub.

  1. Baking soda for Rashes

You will need

  1. 1tbsp Baking soda
  2. 1tbsp coconut oil

Prep Time

5 minutes

Method

  1. Mix the baking soda and the coconut oil until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Apply this mixture to the affected area and leave it on for about 5 minutes.
  3. Rinse the mixture off with cool water.

How often?

Every day until the rash gets better.

Why this works

Coconut oil has soothing antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties which help calm your skin.

  1. Baking soda for dark lips

 You will need

  1. 1tsp honey
  2. 1tsp Baking soda

 

       Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

2-3 minutes

Method

  1. Combine honey and baking soda until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Apply this mixture onto your lips and leave it on for about 2 minutes.
  3. Using your fingertips, gently rub the mixture on your lips to exfoliate.

How often?

2-3 times a week.

Why this works

Honey and baking soda helps get rid of the dead skin cells from your lips. They also help bleach your skin to naturally lighten the color of your lips.

  1. Baking soda for whitening teeth

You will need

  1. 1/2 tsp. baking soda
  2. A few drops of water

Prep Time

2 minutes

Treatment Time

2 minutes

Method

 

  1. Mix the baking soda with a few drops of water until you get a thick paste.
  2. Scoop the mixture up with your toothbrush and start brushing your teeth.
  3. Do not brush your teeth sideways as this can be abrasive. Instead, gently brush it up using up and down and circular motions.
  4. Rinse the toothbrush and your mouth.

How often?

Every other day for a week. Twice a week after that.

Why this works

Baking soda is a mild abrasive which helps remove the stains from the surface of your teeth, making them appear to be whiter.

  1. Baking soda for moles

You will need

  • 1 cup baking soda
  • 1 cup 3% hydrogen peroxide
  • 1 cup Epsom salt
  • ¼ cup boiling water
  • ¼ cup white vinegar
  • Bottle for storage

Prep time

2 minutes

Treatment time

15-20 minutes

Method

  1. Combine the baking soda with the Epsom salt and hydrogen peroxide.
  2. Add the boiling water to the mixture and blend.
  3. Add vinegar to the solution and then store it in a bottle.
  4. Apply this solution to your moles and leave it on for about 15-20 minutes.
  5. Rinse with water.

How often?

Twice a day until the mole fades.

Why this works

Baking soda, when combined with other ingredients, forms a caustic solution that helps dehydrate moles while also bleaching them.

  1. Baking soda for facial hair

You will need

  • 1tbsp baking soda
  • 200ml boiling water

Prep time

5minutes

Treatment time

Overnight

Method

  1. Combine the baking soda with the boiling water and let the solution cool.
  2. Soak a piece of cotton in the solution and then drain it.
  3. Secure it to the problem areas with some bandage.
  4. Leave it on overnight.
  5. In the morning, remove the bandage, rinse your face, and apply a nourishing moisturizer.

How often?

Every day until you notice a difference.

Why this works

This solution helps dehydrate your hair follicles and damages them, resulting in the hair falling out.

However, since baking soda can cause skin irritation, conduct a patch test before you try out this remedy.

  1. Baking soda for ingrown hair

Your will need

  1. 2 tbsp. castor oil
  2. 1tbsp baking soda
  3. 1tsp water
  4. 1 pair of tweezers

Prep time

2 minutes

Treatment time-20 minutes

Method

  1. Wash your hands and the affected area. Proceed to pat them dry with a towel.
  2. Apply the castor oil onto your skin and message it in with your fingertips for about 15 minutes.
  3. Wipe away the oil with a damp towel.
  4. Combine the baking soda with a teaspoon of water and start gently rubbing the mixture the onto the affected areas. Do this for about 2 minutes.
  5. Your ingrown hair should be more exposed at this point. Using a tweezers, pluck them out and then proceed to wash your face again.
  6. Let your skin heal naturally.

How often?

Whenever necessary.

Why this works

Baking soda helps gently exfoliate your skin while also keeping it from getting infected.

  1. Baking soda for thick hair

You will need

  • 3 cups water
  • 1 cup baking soda
  • 20 drops castor oil

Prep time

5 minutes

Method

  1. Combine all the ingredients and store it in a shampoo bottle.
  2. Rinse your hair with water and pour some of the baking soda solution onto your scalp.
  3. Message your scalp and your hair with solution for a couple of minutes.
  4. Rinse the baking soda out and proceed to condition your hair.
  5. Squeeze the excess water out of your hair with a towel and proceed to let your hair air-dry.

How often?

Substitute your regular shampoo with this solution and use it as often as you would shampoo.

Why this works

The ‘no-poo’ method has been getting a lot of attention lately, and this baking soda solution is one of the most popular ways of jumping on the bandwagon. Baking soda helps gently cleanse your hair without the harsh chemicals that   shampoo contains. It also helps add volume to your hair without stripping away its natural oils. This method also helps curb hair loss and promote new hair growth.

You will need

1 tbsp. baking soda

Prep time

1 minute

Treatment time

5 minutes

Method

1 rinse your hair and while it is still damp, take a tablespoon of baking soda and apply it to your scalp.

  1. Gently massage your scalp with your fingertips so that the baking soda may exfoliate it.
  2. Rinse your hair.
  3. Skip shampooing and directly proceed to condition your hair.
  4. Squeeze the excess water out of hair and let it air-dry.

How often?

Twice a week, until the problem subsides. Scale it down to once a week after that.

Why this works

The baking soda will help exfoliate your scalp, removing all the dead skin. It will also help unclog your follicles without drying out your scalp

 

  1. Baking soda for your feet

You will need

  • 3 tbsp. baking soda
  • 1 bucket
  • Water
  • Pumice stone
  • Moisturizing lotion/oil

Prep time

5 minutes

Treatment time

25 minutes

Method

  1. Fill a thereof the bucket with warm water and to it add the three tablespoons of baking soda.
  2. Soak your feet in this water for about 15-20 minutes.
  3. Using a pumice stone, gently scrub the dead skin off soles and feet.
  4. Once you’ve scrubbed away the dead skin, massage your feet with a moisturizing lotion or some coconut/olive oil.
  5. Cover your feet with a pair of socks.

How often?

Thrice a week until your soles are soft again.

Why this works

As we already know, baking soda is an excellent excellent exfoliating agent. It helps soften the dead skin on your feet, making it easier to exfoliate. This treatment will give you soft feet in no time.

  1. Baking soda for body odor

You will need

  • 1 tbsp. baking soda
  • 1 tbsp. lemon juice

Prep time

2 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Combine the ingredients until you get a smooth paste.
  2. Apply the paste to the parts of your body that perspire lot.
  3. Let it sit for 15-20 minutes and then proceed to wash the mixture off in the shower.

How often?

Every day or every other day for a couple of weeks.

Why this works

Baking soda helps absorb the excess moisture from your body when you perspire. It also acts as a natural deodorant while killing bacteria and alkalizing the body so that it dose’s t perspire too much.

  1. Baking soda for armpits

You will need

  • 1 tbsp. mashed cucumber
  • 2 tbsp. olive oil
  • 1 tbsp. baking soda
  • 3 tbsp. lemon juice

Prep time

5 minutes

Treatment time

10 minutes

Method

  1. Combine all the ingredients in a bowl until you get a smooth mixture.
  2. Apply this paste to your underarms and let it sit for about 10 minutes.
  3. After 10 minutes, wash off the paste with lukewarm water and pat dry with a towel.

How often?

Twice a week.

Why this works

This method not only helps keep body door at bay, but it also helps lighten your underarms.

  1. Baking soda for burns

You will need

  • 1 tbsp. baking soda
  • 1 tbsp. water

Prep time

2 minutes

Treatment time

20 minutes

Method

  1. Combine the baking soda and water to get a smooth, consistent paste.
  2. Apply this paste on your burns and let it sit until it dries.
  3. Once the paste has dried up, wash your burns with cold water.

How this works

Banking soda helps draw out the heat from a burn because of the cooling effect it has on your skin while it dries up.

  1. Baking soda for nail fungus

You will need

  • 4-5 tbsp. baking soda
  • 1 cup white vinegar
  • Water
  • Paper towels
  • 1 bucket (big enough for soaking your feet)

 

 

 

LEMON JUICE

Do lemons and lemon juice cure cancer?

There is a popular myth about lemons and lemon juice being able to cure cancer that is making the rounds of the interest. The myth is so popular even Snopes. Com responded, stating that the email message is a mixture of true and false information.

There is some truth involved in the creation of this myth, based on a few recent studies. These studies indicate that citrus fruits, including lemons, contains compound that may be beneficial in preventing or combating some types of cancer.

However, the myth significantly exaggerates the potential of lemons and lemon juice as a cancer remedy. The beneficial compounds in lemon juice have shown promise in recent studies, but the levels found in foods may only enhance the body’s ability to fight off cancer.in the end, there is no proven scientific replacement for radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

If you are diagnosed with any type of cancer, “you need to continue to eat a healthy diet,”states Michelle Morgan, Clinical Dietician. Don’t be taken in with fad diets or “anti-cancer” food claims. Follow the treatment recommendations from your cancer treatment team . And if you are cancer free, then eating healthy foods may help reduce your chances of getting certain types of cancer in the future.

To learn more about the personalized care provided care provided by our doctors using state-of-the-art equipment and technology, please visit our medical services section. Source: online article

What is pH balance?

It seems these days we’re constantly searching for ways to live a well-balanced life. From eating a balanced diet, to finding a healthy work-life balance, to getting the right balance of sleep, good nutrition and exercise, “balance” is today’s hot-trend (that will hopefully have lasting power).

What is pH balance?

Literally “pH” stands for “power of hydrogen”, which is a measurement of the body’s hydrogen concentration. When we talk about balance we are referring to the alkalinity/acidity in our blood. This is measured on a scale of zero to fourteen. The more acidic a solution is the lower the pH is, the more alkalinity, the higher it is. A healthy pH balance is a solution with a pH of seven or slightly higher.

How does pH affect health?

Overly acidic bodies are a feeding ground for unwanted organisms like bacteria. Yeast, and fungus. This condition is called acidosis. Overly alkaloid bodies are susceptible to respiratory and/or metabolic disorders. This condition is called alkalosis.

When your pH levels are balanced there is a much smaller chance of illness. An unbalanced environment is the feeding ground for disease and disorder to take root. If your pH is out of balance in either direction (too high, or too low) it needs to be treated by your doctor to prevent dangerous consequences.

How is pH tested?

It’s actually quite simple to test. You can purchase a pack of pH test strips at your local pharmacy! Your kit will include test strips and a chart for you to compare your results with. You can test your pH with saliva or urine, the sample being the second urination of the morning.

What affects pH levels?

Though numerous factors can affect PH levels, the biggest contributor is diet and lifestyle. Like many medical conditions taking preventative measures is always the best practice. Exercise regularly; eat a healthy diet that includes lots of raw vegetables and fruits, limit your alcohol and caffeine intake and don’t smoke. Obesity is another common factor to consider, so try to avoid eating processed and sugary foods.

What if your PH levels are not balanced?

If you find that your PH levels are out of balance make an appointment with your doctor to talk about what treatment is best for you. Depending on what you pH levels are and taking into account the rest of your medical history, your doctor will be able to help you find the ideal treatment to get your body back on track.

The health benefits of water

 

We all need water to survive, but how exactly does it help?

Did you know that your body weight is approximately 60 percent water? Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. Because your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion, it’s important to rehydrate by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water. The amount of water you need depends on a variety of factors, including the climate you live in, how physically active you are, and whether you’re experiencing an illness or have any other health problems.

 

Water protects your tissues, spinal cord, and joints

Water does more than just quench your thirst and regulate your body’s temperature; it also keeps the tissues in your body moist. You know how it feels when your eyes, nose, or mouth gets dry? Keeping your body hydrated helps it retain optimum levels of moisture in these sensitive areas, as well as in the blood, bones, and the brain. In addition, water helps protect the spinal cord, and it acts as a lubricant and cushion for your joints.

 

Water helps your body remove waste

Adequate water intake enables your body to excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and defecation. The kidneys and liver use it help flush out waste, as do your intestines. Water can also keep from getting constipated by softening your stools and helping move the food you’ve eaten through

Your intestinal tract. However, it should be noted that there is no evidence to prove that increasing your fluid will cure constipation.

 

Water aids in digestion digestion starts with saliva, the basis of which is water. Digestion relies on enzymes that are found in saliva to help break down food and liquid and to dissolve minerals and other nutrients. Proper digestion makes minerals and nutrients more accessible to the body. Water is also necessary to help you digest soluble fibre. With the help of water, this fibre dissolves easily and benefits your bowel health by making well-formed, soft stools that are easy to pass.

 

Water prevents you from becoming dehydrated

Your body loses fluids when you engage in vigorous exercise, sweat in high heat, or come down with a fever or contract an illness that causes vomiting or diarrhoea. If you’re losing fluids for any of these reasons, it’s important to increase your fluid intake so that you can restore your body’s natural hydration levels. Your doctor may also recommend that you drink more fluids to help treat other health conditions, like bladder infections and urinary tract stones. If you’re pregnant or nursing, you may want to consult with your physician about your fluid intake because your body will be using more fluids than usual, especially if you’re breastfeeding.

 

How much water do you need? There’s no hard and fast rule, and many individuals meet their daily hydration needs by simply drinking water when they’re thirsty, according to a report on nutrient recommendations from the institute of medicine of the national academies. In fact, most people who are in good physical health get enough fluids by drinking water and other and other beverages when they’re thirsty, and also by drinking a beverage with each of their meals, according to the centres for disease control and prevention. If you’re not sure about hydration level, look at your urine. If it’s clear, you’re good shape. If it’s dark, you’re probably dehydrated.