The health benefits of water


We all need water to survive, but how exactly does it help?

Did you know that your body weight is approximately 60 percent water? Your body uses water in all its cells, organs, and tissues to help regulate its temperature and maintain other bodily functions. Because your body loses water through breathing, sweating, and digestion, it’s important to rehydrate by drinking fluids and eating foods that contain water. The amount of water you need depends on a variety of factors, including the climate you live in, how physically active you are, and whether you’re experiencing an illness or have any other health problems.


Water protects your tissues, spinal cord, and joints

Water does more than just quench your thirst and regulate your body’s temperature; it also keeps the tissues in your body moist. You know how it feels when your eyes, nose, or mouth gets dry? Keeping your body hydrated helps it retain optimum levels of moisture in these sensitive areas, as well as in the blood, bones, and the brain. In addition, water helps protect the spinal cord, and it acts as a lubricant and cushion for your joints.


Water helps your body remove waste

Adequate water intake enables your body to excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and defecation. The kidneys and liver use it help flush out waste, as do your intestines. Water can also keep from getting constipated by softening your stools and helping move the food you’ve eaten through

Your intestinal tract. However, it should be noted that there is no evidence to prove that increasing your fluid will cure constipation.


Water aids in digestion digestion starts with saliva, the basis of which is water. Digestion relies on enzymes that are found in saliva to help break down food and liquid and to dissolve minerals and other nutrients. Proper digestion makes minerals and nutrients more accessible to the body. Water is also necessary to help you digest soluble fibre. With the help of water, this fibre dissolves easily and benefits your bowel health by making well-formed, soft stools that are easy to pass.


Water prevents you from becoming dehydrated

Your body loses fluids when you engage in vigorous exercise, sweat in high heat, or come down with a fever or contract an illness that causes vomiting or diarrhoea. If you’re losing fluids for any of these reasons, it’s important to increase your fluid intake so that you can restore your body’s natural hydration levels. Your doctor may also recommend that you drink more fluids to help treat other health conditions, like bladder infections and urinary tract stones. If you’re pregnant or nursing, you may want to consult with your physician about your fluid intake because your body will be using more fluids than usual, especially if you’re breastfeeding.


How much water do you need? There’s no hard and fast rule, and many individuals meet their daily hydration needs by simply drinking water when they’re thirsty, according to a report on nutrient recommendations from the institute of medicine of the national academies. In fact, most people who are in good physical health get enough fluids by drinking water and other and other beverages when they’re thirsty, and also by drinking a beverage with each of their meals, according to the centres for disease control and prevention. If you’re not sure about hydration level, look at your urine. If it’s clear, you’re good shape. If it’s dark, you’re probably dehydrated.

Health Effects Of Distilled Water

Distillation removes all minerals from water, and the membrane methods of reverse osmosis and nanofiltration remove most, or virtually all, minerals. This results in demineralized water, which has not been proven to be healthier than drinking water. The world health organization investigated the health effects of demineralized water in 1982, and its experiments in humans found that demineralized water increased diuresis and the elimination of electrolytes, with decreased serum potassium concentration. magnesium, calcium, and other nutrients in water can help to protect against nutritional deficiency. Recommendations for magnesium have been put at a minimum of 10 mg/L with 20–30 mg/L optimum; for calcium a 20 mg/L minimum and a 40–80 mg/L optimum, and a total water hardness (adding magnesium and calcium) of 2–4 mmol/L. At water hardness above 5 mmol/L, higher incidence of gallstones, kidney stones, urinary stones, arthrosis, and arthropathies have been observed [Citation needed]. For fluoride the concentration recommended for dental health is 0.5–1.0 mg/L, with a maximum guideline value of 1.5 mg/L to avoid dental fluorosis.

Water filtration devices are becoming increasingly common in households. Most of these devices do not distill water, though there continues to be an increase in consumer-oriented water distillers and reverse osmosis machines being sold and used. Municipal water supplies often have minerals added or have trace impurities at levels which are regulated to be safe for consumption. Much of these additional impurities, such as volatile organic compounds, fluoride, and an estimated 75,000+ other chemical compounds are not removed through conventional filtration; however, distillation and reverse osmosis eliminate nearly all of these impurities.

The drinking of purified water as a replacement for drinking water has been both advocated and discouraged for health reasons. Purified water lacks minerals and ions such as calcium that play key roles in biological functions such as in the nervous system homeostasis, and are normally found in potable water. The lack of naturally occurring minerals in distilled water has raised some concerns. The Journal of General Internal Medicine published a study on the mineral contents of different waters available in the US. The study found that “drinking water sources available to North Americans may contain high levels of calcium, magnesium, and sodium and may provide clinically important portions of the recommended dietary intake of these minerals”. It encouraged people to “check the mineral content of their drinking water, whether tap or bottled, and choose water most appropriate for their needs”. Since distilled water is devoid of minerals, mineral intake through diet is needed to maintain good health.

The consumption of hard water (water with minerals) is associated with beneficial cardiovascular effects. As noted in the American Journal of Epidemiology, consumption of hard drinking water is negatively correlated with atherosclerotic heart disease.

What is distilled Water?

We are often asked by our customers for an exact definition of what is distilled water. Our customers are often told that a piece of machinery needs distilled water but not the reasons for this.

When water is extracted from the sea, lakes, dams, and reservoirs, it contains impurities that make it less desirable for use in industrial, medical and even household applications. As a result, it’s taken through a process of distillation, which involves heating up the liquid until it transforms into vapor. Once water has completely turned into steam, it’s condensed back into water in a clean container. The resulting liquid has fewer contaminants and can now be used for a variety of purposes.

While there’s no specific record of when distilled water was first used, it dates all the back to Aristotle’s era. Records show that sea water was distilled in ca. 200 AD to create safe drinking water for entire populations. Over the years the process has become more refined, using less energy and time.

What is distilled water used for?

The impurities in regular water can be corrosive to mechanical parts, and even toxic to humans. It can also negatively impact medical, chemical and biological specimens as well as lab equipment. As such, only pure water is essential in these instances, and distilled water is one of the cleanest forms of water available. What’s more, it’s used for applications such as:

· Maintaining vehicular lead acid batteries

· Operating model steam engine boilers and model engines

· Supplementing household aquarium water

· Cigar humidors

· Cooling nuclear-powered ships

· Manufacturing drinking beverages

· Pressing clothes with steam irons

Is distilled water safe for drinking?

Depending on the level of purification, distilled water is usually safe for drinking. This is the case when the liquid is sourced from a reservoir that was contaminated with toxic compounds that are poisonous for human consumption. However, the process is also known to remove certain essential minerals such as magnesium, iron and calcium, and electrolytes such as potassium and chloride. This makes it less desirable for long-term drinking, which may require other forms of purified water.

Safe Water

In India, over one lakh people die of water-borne diseases annually. The country faces a huge challenge in ensuring safe water supply.

We focus on improving access to water. In India, the government has progressive and decentralized policies and programmes for water supply and security. WaterAid recognizes the mandate and the role of the government and facilitates the process of translating vision into action in challenging contexts.

We realize that the key to drinking water security lies with the community. Our approach involves promoting locally-owned and managed drinking water security plans at the community level. These plans are simple which can be used, monitored and managed by people and local governments.

Key components of our work on drinking water security include:

Participatory water resource management
  • Building capacity of local government and community on the principles, processes, and provisions;
  • Mapping of water resources and usage;
  • Water budgeting and allocation;
  • Improving access to water supply by leveraging government resources; and
  • Advocacy for regulations of water use in water-stressed areas and protection of groundwater
    Source sustainability measures
    • Rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge;
    • Alternate water supplies like developing surface water systems; and
    • Promoting the complementary use of water source – securing scarce fresh water source for consumption.
    Water quality management
    • Water safety plans – prevent contamination before it happens;
    • Treatment of water with appropriate technologies (in arsenic or fluoride endemic areas);
    • Monitoring, surveillance and testing through water quality field test kits; and
    • Advocacy for adequate infrastructure and accountability at district and regional labs.
    Operation and maintenance
    • Ensure skills, spares, and tools – for regular maintenance and management (mechanics, pump operators, spares bank, tools for regular maintenance and repair);
    • Finance for operation and maintenance, replacement, expansion and modernization (through village committees or local government based maintenance funds);
    • Monitoring usage to minimise wastage; and
    • Advocacy for decentralized management